A resource book on enhancing access of the poor to land and common property resources.



Publisher: Asian NGO Coalition for Agrarian Reform and Rural Development, Publisher: International Land Coalition in Quezon City, Philippines, Rome, Italy

Written in English
Published: Pages: 382 Downloads: 69
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Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references.

Other titlesEnhancing access of the poor to land and common property resources
ContributionsAsian NGO Coalition for Agrarian Reform and Rural Development., International Land Coalition.
The Physical Object
Pagination382 p. :
Number of Pages382
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL17034256M
LC Control Number2008337373

The exodus of migrant workers from urban areas back to their villages in the wake of country wide lockdown has brought rural poverty into sharp focus. Reconstruction of rural economy therefore needs policy and planning attention. Community economy is a branch of rural economy and among other ways of reconstructing the rural economy, promotion and strengthening of community economies of the. Target By , ensure that all men and women, in particular the poor and the vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to basic services, ownership and control over land and other forms of property, inheritance, natural resources, appropriate new technology and financial services, including microfinance.   Land is becoming a diminishing resource for agriculture, in spite of a growing understanding that the future of food security will depend upon the sustainable management of land resources as well. Free-market environmentalism emphasizes markets as a solution to environmental problems. Proponents argue that free markets can be more successful than government—and have been more successful historically—in solving many environmental problems.

  The command to use our resources for the benefit of poor people is given directly in the book of Exodus. For six years you shall sow your land and gather in its yield; but the seventh year you shall let it rest and lie fallow, so that the poor of your people may eat; and what they leave the wild animals may eat. structuring resource access optimally.6 For property theorists, it is the wrong enterprise. Transaction costs are not always, and not uniquely, problematic. Like other ways of structuring access to resources, transactions are costly to produce.7 Because making transactions cheaper or less necessary con-. Land tenure in Mexico radically changed after the Mexican Revolution and with the land reforms of the Cárdenas presidency of – The land reforms redistributed nearly 18 million hectares of expropriated private land into ejidos, or common property used for agriculture (Stoleson et al., ).In Sonora, most of the desert ejidos were barely able to produce a subsistence crop and were. woman owns one acre but pools the land for farming with other women, in groups of 8 to Today, poor women's groups in 14 villages are cultivating several hundred acres of pur-chased land. On both leased and purchased land, women practice organic rain-fed farming and multi-cropping to reduce the risk of crop failure and provide a balanced diet.

the Conference, notably urban sustainability, food and nutrition security and access to modern energy services for all. Eradicating extreme poverty, promoting sustainable consumption and pro-duction, and managing the planet’s natural resource base for the benefit of all are the overarching challenges of sustainable development. Tragedy of the commons Common property and open access renewable resources will from ENVSCI at Rutgers University Tragedy of the commons – Common property and open-access renewable resources will tend to be A Model of Resource Use • Ecological footprint – Amount of biologically productive land and water needed to. multiple land management agencies after an analysis of public comments, recreational needs, resource issues, and signifi cant resources. Three preliminary alternative concepts were presented for public review in the fall of Based on the comments received and further input from stakeholders, the NPS revised the preliminary alternatives.

A resource book on enhancing access of the poor to land and common property resources. Download PDF EPUB FB2

A Resource Book on Enhancing Access of the Poor to Land and Common Property Resources Author(s): ANGOC Type of Publication: Resource Book Publish Date: Publisher: ANGOC This Resource book is a wealthy compilation of articles with succinct discussions on the issues of the poor around access to land and other common property resources.

Common property systems. A common property rights regime system (not to be confused with a common-pool resource) is a particular social arrangement regulating the preservation, maintenance, and consumption of a common-pool resource.

The use of the term "common property resource" to designate a type of good has been criticized, because common-pool resources are not necessarily. ANGOC and ILC () Enhancing Access of the Poor to Land and Common Property Resources: A Resource Book. Asian NGO Coalition for Agrarian Reform and Rural Development (ANGOC), Quezon City, Philippines and the International Land Coalition (ILC), Rome, Italy.

Azad, L. (), “Bangladesher Krishi Kathamo: Ekti Porjalochona”, Land, Vol, No Land is a fundamental productive asset in agrarian economies. The rules that codify access to land and the way jurisdiction over land is distributed among members of a community have a powerful influence over how efficiently land is used, the incidence of poverty, and the level of inequality in the community.

Yet we observe that much of the land in less developed countries is underutilized and. Beck and Ghosh () argue, for example, that % of poor people's income in India is derived from common property resources, but that within these land-poor communities, % of the.

Common property and common-pool resources Exclusive possession (freehold) is one extreme on a continuum of property rights. No property, as in ocean fisheries or the atmosphere, is the other extreme. In between lies common property, where the rights to exploit a resource are held by persons in common with others.

Section 1 will examine current debates around poverty, vulnerability and livelihood issues related to access to natural resources. Section 2 will describe the main features of the sustainable livelihoods approaches and relate them to current thinking about access to natural resources.

Section 3 will describe and categorise the different types of problems and opportunities that the rural poor. land use presents economies of scale, common property rights can serve to reduce transaction costs. Keywords: property rights regimes, private property, common property, open access, institutional choice 1 Introduction Private property rights in land and real property resources are fundamental to modern societies.

Control or access to land and natural resources is important for sustainable management, good governance and empowerment of the rural poor for several reasons: 1.

Land and natural resources are important assets for individuals and households in meeting subsistence needs including food and shelter. Gender and Resource Rights: Policy in Social Context: Published in: Enhancing Access of the Poor to Land and Common Property Resources.

Quezon City, Philippines: Asian NGO Coalition for Agrarian Reform and Rural Development (ANGOC) and the International Land Coalition (ILC) Author: Zwarteveen, M.Z., Meinzen-Dick, R.

Date issued: Access. gender issues relating to access to land. For this guide, discussion is not restricted to access to land alone, but also includes access to other natural resources, such as water and trees, which may be essential for people’s livelihoods.

For convenience, “access to land” is used here to include access to other natural resources as well. poor, those in peri-urban areas, indigenous people, women, those relying on common property resources, and those in areas of conflict.

Addressing the land access and tenure security needs of these groups is crucial for social justice, political stability and peaceful co-existence.

Attention to securing land rights is also important for. land access and tenure issues, the systems themselves can become part of the problem – and threaten poor people’s access to land and tenure security.

For example, new technologies or irrigation create economic opportunities that increase the value of land and may attract more powerful interests.

Construction of roads to facilitate market. This framework has been a prime driver in management of land resources for more than 50 years, yet the authors of this book note that even with advances in resource economics, its economic foundation does not allow a sufficient framework for addressing current land-based resource management issues.

Common Property Economics A General Theory and Land Use Applications Glenn G. Stevenson The right of the Multiple-Resource Common Property Systems 56 The Private Property, Common Property, Open tation and no idea that it would become a book on open access, private property, and common property.

I simply wished to return to a coun. However, even a limited discretionary command over access to a resource confers status and power to the holder.

Governments typically exercise at least some discretionary command in this regard. The theory of property rights to control over resources can in fact become a theory of the state.

Land law reform: achieving development policy objectives (English) Abstract. This book examines issues at the forefront of the debate on land law reform, pays particular attention to how reform options affect the poor and disadvantaged, and recommends strategies for alleviating poverty more effectively through land law reform.

States right under various circumstances to exclude people from state monuments, buildings, equipment, land, and other public resources. Common Property Right everyone has to common resources such as air, rivers or oceans, but also can legally exclude others from interfering without usage of these resources or private ownership by two or more.

could lead to natural resource degradation – which affect the poor the most since they heavily depend on natural resources. Since the earth Summit inthe international community, individual countries, communities, civil society and businesses have increasingly become aware of the environmental impact of LUCC change.

Environmental and Natural Resource Economics book. A Contemporary Approach. By Jonathan M. Harris, Brian Roach. Edition 4th Edition. First Published eBook Published 26 June Common Property Resources and Public Goods. By Jonathan M. Harris, Brian Roach. Why are resources like fisheries and groundwater often damaged through.

14 COMMON PROPERTY RESOURCES AND THE RURAL POOR. N.S. Jodha. INTRODUCTION. An important factor completely disregarded by development policies and programmes in India is the role of common property resources (CPRs) in the economy of rural people, particularly of the rural poor.

Jodha, N.S. Common property resources and rural poor in dry regions of India. Economic and Political Weekly 21(27) Kanbur, R. Heterogeneity, Distribution, and Cooperation in Common Property Resource Management. Policy Research Working Papers, WPS Washington DC: World Bank.

Learn common resources with free interactive flashcards. Choose from different sets of common resources flashcards on Quizlet. Another excellent resource that makes use of community resource mapping, devoting much attention to the process of asset identification, as well as to technique.

Identifying, Mapping and Mobilizing Our Assets. (Prepared by Boyd Rossing, Professor, Interdisciplinary Studies, School of Human Ecology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, common property resources in India and West Africa’, World Development 29(1).

Beck, T., Ghosh and G. Madan (), ‘Common property resources and the poor: findings from West Bengal’, Economic and Political Weekly 35(3): Abstract: This article reports on a seven-village study of common property resources.

The need to day is to keep moving beyond property in land and adopt property institutions to a wider array of ecological resources so that property.

using these resources can achieve sustainability by investing the revenues derived from them into other forms of capital. Natural resources have proven to be both opportunity and curse for nations endowed with them. Many nations have experienced a resource ―curse‖ associated with poor development outcomes, though the causes have differed.

A variety of agencies are responsible for protecting our nation’s land and water natural resources. The management of these resources is largely characterized by the struggle to balance the demand for greater use of these resources with the need to conserve and protect them for the benefit of future generations.

As the first chapter of this book notes, there has been considerable variety in the nomenclature that refers to such limited common resources and the community governance processes that manage them, 1 but for purposes of this chapter, I will refer to community-based management regimes for common property resources as “CBMRs.” I use this.

A year study of common property resources (CPRs) was carried out in 7 villages from 5 districts of West Bengal, India, to examine in detail the relationship between poor women and men and their environment within the context of the agrarian changes that have taken place in the state of West Bengal over the last decades.

Villages were selected to include major agro-ecological zones of the. defines open access resources as “Resource systems lacking effective rules regarding access and use patterns-rather than resources governed by common property regimes” (Ostrom ).

This definition hints at a differentiation between resources shared within an accepted rules regime and those that, though commonly shared, are not subject to.The resource flows showed that the goat production component had strong linkages with other components of the farming system and was largely dependent on the common grazing resources.

Resource .grazing lands to fishing areas, many common-property resources are not com-pletely open-access. Many of these resources are in fact owned in common by a group of people who have various institutions for the regulation of the use of the resource. Ciriacy-Wantrup and Bishop () describe such resources as res communes, as distinct from unowned.